What Causes Prostate Cancer and Types of Treatments

What is a Prostate? 

The prostate is a small gland that is located near the base of the penis and helps in storing seminal fluids. These fluids constitute semen and the prostate also helps in pushing the semen out of the urethra. So the prostate is an important gland to ensure the perfect flow of sperm along with seminal fluids. However, urinary infections often can affect the prostate gland as well due to their proximity. 

What are the common Prostate Diseases?

  • Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland which may or may not be a result of any urinary tract infection. The symptoms of prostatitis include burning sensation while passing urine, discomfort in the lower abdomen, pain while ejaculation may or may not be there, and mild fever.

  • Enlarged Prostate

BPH commonly known as enlarged prostate is a disease in which the prostate gland is increased in size more than usual, this leads to problems in urination and a constant heaviness in the lower abdomen. 

  • Prostate Cancer

Sometimes the enlarged prostate starts developing tumor-like growth in it which is malignant in most cases. This cancer, if diagnosed in the early stages, provides a complete cure of cancer by the removal of the prostate gland. Symptoms of prostate cancer include blood in urine, urgency incontinence, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, etc. 

Prostate cancer is the most common type of disease found in men’s prostate. Hence in this blog post, we have mentioned the most significant causes and risk factors of prostate disease and its most beneficial treatments. 

Top 4 reasons for Prostate Cancer

  • Family History

In some cases, the mutation that causes the prostate is inherited and is passed on to family members especially if your father or brother is dealing with prostate then there are more chances of you getting prostate. 

  • Age

Age is the second most common factor that causes prostate cancer. In research, it was found that men younger than 40 years have fewer chances of getting prostate cancer however on the other side men over the age of 65 years have more chances of getting prostate cancer. 

  • Diet 

It is found that people who follow a diet that is rich in dairy products, red meat or foods that are high in fats are most often at the risk of developing prostate cancer after a certain age as mentioned in the above point. 

  • Enlarged Prostate

An uncured enlarged prostate can convert into prostate cancer if they are not treated for a longer period of time. Hence, to avoid prostate cancer, the enlarged prostate needs to be treated as soon as you find any symptoms. 

Prostate Cancer Treatment
  • Laparoscopic Prostatectomy 

 A laparoscope is inserted inside the abdomen with the help of a few small incisions. This minimally invasive surgery then takes out the prostate gland with the help of the laparoscopic tools along with its vessels. This treatment is best for cancer that has not spread to other organs or in the bloodstream.

  • Open Radical Prostatectomy 

This open surgery involves the removal of the prostate gland and its related vesicles by making an incision (8 to 10 cm) near the umbilical area. 

To know more about Prostate disease treatment, contact the best Urologist in Delhi, Dr. Ashish Saini at +91 9643438106,8595 08 06 01,+91 11 7966 8540

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